Uttarakhand is a state which is also known as Dev Bhoomi. A state that depicts the mountain life, makes us aware of the past that we will come to know today through the history of Uttarakhand. You all know that on November 9, 2000, the mountainous part of Uttar Pradesh came out in the name of Uttarakhand. The reason for being separated from Uttar Pradesh was to be faced with better development and good administration. Because the entire focus of Uttar Pradesh was more towards North Eastern regions. Secondly, the language, dress, and lifestyle of the hill people were completely different from the people of Uttar Pradesh. Keeping this in view, the hill people demanded a separate state. By the way, this demand started in 1897 and started after the Independence of India i.e. the year 1947.
Kumaon Parishad was established in 1926, seeing the story of hill life gradually, Badri Dutt Pandey ji raised his voice for the demand of Uttarakhand region in Haldwani, in which Anusuya Prasad Bahuguna ji demanded two separate areas as Kumaon and Garhwal. And then the Registrar, Council Member Indra Singh Nayar, also spoke of separate development. However, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was also in favor of this demand.
After the independence of India in 1947, in 1952, the first person of Uttarakhand Puran Chandra Joshi Ji demanded the state of Uttarakhand, which demands a separate state of Uttarakhand by joining the mountainous regions of Uttar Pradesh. By the year 1955, the foundation of separating Uttarakhand from Uttar Pradesh had become stronger. Now the time of 1970 was on, and then Prime Minister Smt. Indra Gandhi also accepted that for the better development and administration of hill life, the northern part of Uttar Pradesh has to be separated. After this decision, on 24 July 1979, Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (UK) was born in Mussoorie and in June 1987 in Karnprayag, the leaders of the U.K.D. party gave an allusion to the struggle.
After the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal, violent incidents begin and the time comes on 01 September 1994 when police lathi charge the agitators inside Khatima. As soon as the information of the lathi charge reaches Mussoorie, a peace procession of the Khatima lathi charge is carried out in full on 2 September 1994 near the base of Mussoorie. Bullet bars are now run by the state government or police, in which seven agitators were martyred and in these two women were also martyred.
Now after the Mussoorie incident, the people of Uttarakhand are angry. Due to this, now schools are closed by teachers, government work is also boycotted by the employees, and gradually people go towards Delhi for the siege of Parliament. But what did anyone know, the Parliament encirclement will become a challenge in the future. Talk about October 02, 1994, when the people of Uttarakhand go towards Delhi for the siege of Parliament, the protesters were stopped by the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav. When the bus of the agitators stops at Rampur Tirahe, then the police are misbehaving with women, and lathi was charged with men, which we know today as Muzaffarpur Kand and Rampur Tiraha Kand.
After this incident, a curfew was started by people in Dehradun and reports of people getting injured and dying started coming. Then, keeping in view the bravery, struggle, and constant sacrifice of the hill people, Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda announced the new state of Uttaranchal in the Red Fort. In 1998, the BJP alliance sent the Uttaranchal bill to the Uttar Pradesh government and the Uttar Pradesh government again sent it to the central government on 01 August 2000 the Lok Sabha passed the bill and on 10 August 2000, the Rajya Sabha accepted the bill. On 9th November 2000, Uttaranchal emerged on the map of India by becoming the 27th state of India.
Friends, the people of Uttarakhand sacrificed their lives to separate Uttarakhand from Uttar Pradesh. Blessed are the courage of such people of Uttarakhand, due to which the culture, customs, and civilization of Uttarakhand are still intact and this culture and civilization give us pride in being a hill as well as a citizen of another state.