The history of Pauri Garhwal spans centuries and is a fascinating tale of heroic battles, royal dynasties, and the resilience of the local people in the face of adversity. From the ancient temples and shrines that dot the landscape to the legendary tales of valor that have been passed down through generations, there is no shortage of captivating stories waiting to be discovered. Join us on a journey through the history of Pauri Garhwal, and explore the hidden gems that make this region a treasure trove for history buffs and adventure seekers alike.
In 1840, the British built a new district which we now know as Pauri Garhwal. Being the historic city of Garhwal, the name Garhwal was added before the word Pauri so that it can describe the period from Garhwal to the British period. Pauri is a beautiful place in Uttarakhand surrounded by dense hills. Whose height is 1750 m above sea level? In 1992, it was declared a hill station due to various religious places and historical political activities in Pauri.
Pauri is that part of Garhwal, in which the kings of Garhwal and other kings, besides Gods, have ruled. So in today’s blog, we will talk about the Pauri Garhwal district located in the Garhwal division of Uttarakhand.
History of Pauri Garhwal: As per Modern History and Mythological history
As you all know, the first rule in Uttarakhand was by the Katyuri kings. But when the Katyuri people fell from here, some areas of Garhwal were turned into 52 small pieces. At that time only their chiefs ruled there. But after some time Ajaypal changed the name of Chandpurgarh to Garhwal. Then Ajaypal and his descendants ruled here for 300 years and their rule ended only after the Gorkha war.
Srinagar has a major role in the history of Pauri Garhwal. It was founded in 1358 by the Garhwal Kings. Talking about modern history, there was a dangerous earthquake in 1803 in Srinagar. About 75 people were killed in this earthquake. When the British came to Srinagar in 1815, they had made Srinagar the capital of British Garhwal from 1815-1840. But later he shifted his capital to Pauri itself. After this, due to the breaking of the Gowna lake in 1894, a dangerous fence had come here.
In 1973, Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari Ji established Garhwal University here, he also established Kumaon University.
If we talk about the tourist place in Pauri Garhwal, then the tourist place is enough. The first name of which comes in the name of “Dhari Devi”, which is dedicated to Mother Kali. Also, “Som ka Bhaanda” is where no one has read the ancient copies to date. After this, who can forget “Karuna Ashram”. It has been the center of legal education in ancient times, where Kalidas composed “Abhigyanashakuntalam”.
It is believed that this was also the birthplace of Bharata. Keeping in view its importance in the year 1955, “Sampurnanand” restored it. There is also an ancient Shankaramath, which was founded by Adiguru Shankaracharya. There are statues of Vishnu and Lakshmi. Along with this, there is also “Kamleshwar Temple”. Lord Rama is believed to have worshiped Shiva here and is also known today as “Putradata Mandir”.
Kotdwar is also situated in starting of Pauri Garhwal which is also known as the gateway to Garhwal. You can also come here by train. Talk about the most famous place “Dugadda”, when Uttarakhand did not even come into existence, since then Dugadda was developed. Where there used to be political and commercial activities used in the British period. Let us tell you that there is also a medical college in Srinagar and there is also NIT.
There are many more tourist places in Pauri Garhwal. If you can visit places like Neelkanth Mahadev, Jwala Devi Temple, Tadkeshwar Mahadev, Devalgarh, Khirsu, and Kot Mahadev. It is believed that “Maharishi Balmiki” ji did penance in Kot Mahadev and it is also believed that Mother Sita was here on the earth. There is also a beautiful hill station Lansdowne in Pauri Garhwal. It was built on 14 November 1887 by “Lord Lansdowne”. Lansdowne, you can go for a walk and here you will get to see a unique beauty of infinite peace and nature.
How to reach Pauri Garhwal
Pauri district is well connected by road. The Tehri-Moradabad State Highway connects major sites of the Pauri district such as Kotdwar, Lansdowne, Pauri, Srinagar, etc. The access conditions are very good with the railhead at each entry point like Kotdwar, Rishikesh, Hardwar, and Ramnagar. Regular buses, taxis, and car hire operate from these places to all districts and surrounding areas. Scheduled roadways, GMOUL, KMOUL, and other private buses are available from here. The nearest airport is Jollygrant (Dehradun) which is about 155 km from the district headquarters. A newly constructed bridge at the confluence of the Alaknanda River and the Bhagirathi River at Devprayag reduced Pauri’s reach by 18 km from Rishikesh.
So, friends, this was about Pauri Garhwal, a district in the Garhwal division of Uttarakhand state. Hope you get information by reading this blog. Stay connected with this blog “Uttarakhand Gyan Kosh” to learn more about Uttarakhand. See you like this and thanks for the blog.
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