History Of Uttarakhand: 6 Important Facts You Should Know

The history of Uttarakhand is very ancient, the first mention of Uttarakhand is found in Rigveda, In which Uttarakhand has been called Devbhoomi. In the text, Pali-speak  Buddhist literature Uttarakhand has been called Himavant. In Skanda, Puran Uttarakhand is divided into two parts, Manas Khand and Kedarkhand. At present, Manaskhand is divided into the Kumaon region, and Kedarkhand is divided into the Garhwal region. The boundary between Manaskhand and Kedarkhand was the Nanda Devi mountain peak at that time. At that time Garhwal was called Badri’s hermitage and heaven land and Kumaon was called Kurmachal.

Why is Uttarakhand called Devbhoomi?

History of Uttarakhand Ancient history of UttarakhandHistory of Uttarakhand Ancient history of Uttarakhandsource- @uttarakhand_universe

Uttarakhand is called Devbhoomi because it is believed that thirty-three crore Gods and Goddesses reside here. Mainly Char Dham Shri Badri Nath which is the temple of Lord Vishnu. Shri Kedarnath is the temple of Lord Shiva. Gangotri, the origin of the Ganges, Yamunotri Dham, the origin of the Yamuna river. There are many Shakti Peethas here.

History of Uttarakhand language

Hindi is the official language of the state. There are six languages spoken here, of which 50% are Garhwali, 40% are Kumaoni, and 5% Sanskrit is used in worship Simultaneously, Jonsari and Urdu are spoken by 2 to 5 percent.

The history of mainly two languages ​​is considered in Uttarakhand.

  1. History of the Kumaon language
  2. History of Garhwal language

History of Uttarakhand Kumaon language

History of Uttarakhand, History of Kumaon language History of Uttarakhand, History of Kumaon language

The Kumaoni language is derived from the Hindi language Devanagari which is composed of the Sarpa and Takri alphabets. It is also believed that the Kumaoni language originated from Almora, which later spread to the whole of Kumaon after reaching Nainital, Pithoragarh. Kumaoni scholar Dr. Yogesh Chaturvedi tells in his magazine Guman Jyoti that a merchant of Lohaghat, Chand Raja Thor Abhay Chand of Champawat got a copper plate written in Kumaoni language in 989AD, From which it is clear that even in the 10th century, the used of Kumaoni language.

History of Uttarakhand Garhwal Language

History of Uttarkhand, History fo Garhwal language history of Uttarkhand, History of Garhwal language

The Garhwali language started its existence in the 10th century with the establishment of the Garhwal state. During the reign of the Panwar dynasty, Garhwali had become a full language. Garhwali was the official language of the Garhwal state, Many copper plates and inscriptions found in the state of Garhwal are proof of this even today.

Who was the First King of Uttarakhand?

Kuninda caste was the first to rule in Uttarakhand. They ruled in the hilly areas here from the 3rd to the 4th AD. Initially Kuninda was under Moryo. Amoga Bhuti was the most powerful ruler of the Kuninda dynasty.

Medieval History of Uttarakhand

6. The Katyuri rule emerged in the medieval period, due to a lack of unity in them, it was disintegrated and the Katyuri rule was divided into three parts. In 1191 AD, King Ashoka Chal of Nepal attacked Katyuri.Medieval history of Uttarakhand History of UttarakhandMedieval history of Uttarakhand History of Uttarakhandsinghuday.com

Medieval history of Uttarakhand Kumaon

Medieval history of Uttarakhand Kumaon. Chand dynasty emerged in Kumaon in 1216, its founder was Thoharchand, at that time its capital was Champawat, In 1516, Kalyan Chand established its capital at Almora. Garun Gyan Chand was the most powerful king of the Chand dynasty. Chand kings were also related to Mughal rulers. The Gorkhas of Nepal attacked Kumaon in the year 1790, at that time the king of the Chand dynasty was Mahendra Chand, Mahendra Chand was defeated in the war between the Gorkhas and the Chand dynasty, In 1790, Gurkhas took control of Kumaon.

Medieval history of Uttarakhand Garhwal

In the 9th century, a dynasty was established by combining 52 small and big parts of Garhwal, whose name was the Parmar Panwar dynasty, its most powerful ruler was king Bhanupratap. In 1636, the Mughal general Nawazat Khan attacked the Doon valley. In 1791, the Gorkhas also attacked Garhwal, in this war the Gorkhas were defeated. In 1803 AD, when the Garhwal region was suffering from an earthquake, taking advantage of this, the general of Gorkha Amar Singh Thapa again attacked Garhwal. The panwar dynasty collapsed in 1804 AD.

Sudarshan Shah sought help from the British and war broke out against its Gorkhas, then in 1815, Garhwal became independent. If the Garhwal king couldn’t pay the war expenses, the British took some part of the Garhwal region under their control and they also took the Kumaon region under their control.

How was Uttarakhand formed?

History of Uttarakhand, History of Uttarakhand, @uttarakhand_universe

Uttarakhand is the northern state of India, which was formed on 9 November 2000 as the 27th state of India after many years of long struggles. When Uttarakhand separated from Uttar Pradesh, its name was Uttaranchal. It was renamed Uttarakhand on 1 January 2007. It is bounded by Nepal in the east, Himachal Pradesh in the west, Tibet in the north, and Uttar Pradesh in the south.

The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun (summer capital Gairsain), which is the largest city of Uttarakhand in terms of area. The area of ​​Uttarakhand is 53483 square km which is 1.69% of the total area of ​​India. There are thirteen districts of Uttarakhand. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the state is 1,00,86,349 which is 0.83% of the country’s population.

Uttarakhand Culture

The culture of Uttarakhand is according to the weather and climate of this region. Uttarakhand is a hilly state that’s why it’s very cold here. Around this climate, all aspects of the culture here like living, dress, folk arts, etc. 

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